Academic Ranking of World Universities

ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2018 Press Release

Tuesday, July 17, 2018
Shanghai, People's Republic of China

ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects (GRAS) 2018 is released today by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. ShanghaiRanking began to publish Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by academic subjects since 2009. This release contains rankings of universities in 54 subjects across Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, and Social Sciences. In total, more than 4000 universities were ranked.

The NO.1 universities ranked in each subject are shown below. Universities from the United States take 35 top positions in 54 subjects, followed by 9 institutions from China (including Hong Kong) and 3 from the Netherlands. The best performing institution is Harvard, taking 17 crowns, 9 of which are from Social Sciences subjects, 4 from Medical Sciences, 2 from Life Sciences, and 2 from Engineering. MIT tops 5 subjects, 4 of which are engineering subjects. Other universities who top more than one subject rankings include University of Pennsylvania and University of Colorado at Boulder from the United States, University of Wageningen from the Netherlands, and Nanyang Technological University from Singapore.

NO. 1 University in 54 subjects

Fields Subject Institution Name Country/Region
Natural SciencesMathematicsPrinceton UniversityUSA
PhysicsMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
ChemistryUniversity of California, BerkeleyUSA
Earth SciencesUniversity of Colorado at BoulderUSA
GeographyUniversity of OxfordUK
EcologyUniversity of Montpellier France
OceanographyUniversity of WashingtonUSA
Atmospheric ScienceUniversity of Colorado at BoulderUSA
EngineeringMechanical EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeUK
Electrical & Electronic EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
Automation & ControlUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUSA
Telecommunication EngineeringTsinghua UniversityChina
Instruments Science & TechnologyHarbin Institute of TechnologyChina
Biomedical EngineeringHarvard UniversityUSA
Computer Science & EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityChina
Chemical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
Materials Science & EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
Nanoscience & NanotechnologyNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore
Energy Science & EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingapore
Environmental Science & EngineeringStanford UniversityUSA
Water ResourcesUniversity of ArizonaUSA
Food Science & TechnologyUniversity of WageningenNetherlands
BiotechnologyHarvard UniversityUSA
Aerospace EngineeringBeihang UniversityChina
Marine/Ocean EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityChina
Transportation Science & TechnologyBeijing Jiaotong UniversityChina
Remote SensingWuhan UniversityChina
Mining & Mineral EngineeringThe University of QueenslandAustralia
Metallurgical EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingChina
Life SciencesBiological SciencesHarvard UniversityUSA
Human Biological SciencesHarvard UniversityUSA
Agricultural SciencesUniversity of Wageningen Netherlands
Veterinary SciencesGhent UniversityBelgium
Medical SciencesClinical MedicineHarvard UniversityUSA
Public HealthHarvard UniversityUSA
Dentistry & Oral SciencesUniversity of Michigan-Ann Arbor USA
NursingUniversity of PennsylvaniaUSA
Medical TechnologyHarvard UniversityUSA
Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical SciencesHarvard UniversityUSA
Social SciencesEconomicsHarvard UniversityUSA
StatisticsHarvard UniversityUSA
LawHarvard UniversityUSA
Political SciencesHarvard UniversityUSA
SociologyHarvard UniversityUSA
EducationHarvard UniversityUSA
CommunicationThe Ohio State University - ColumbusUSA
PsychologyHarvard UniversityUSA
Business AdministrationUniversity of PennsylvaniaUSA
FinanceNew York UniversityUSA
ManagementHarvard UniversityUSA
Public AdministrationErasmus University RotterdamNetherlands
Hospitality & Tourism ManagementThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityChina-Hong Kong
Library & Information ScienceHarvard UniversityUSA

More than 1600 universities from 83 countries and regions are published in this release and are presented on the league table for a total of 18407 times. Universities from the United States appear 4661 times, followed by Chinese universities (2171 times) and universities from the United Kingdom (1487 times). University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, University of British Columbia, and the University of New South Wales are presented on the league table in 52 subjects, more than any other universities.

The subject rankings maintain the use of transparent methodology and third-party data. Ranking indicators include those measures of research productivity, research quality, extent of international collaboration, research with top quality, and the highest academic recognitions. The bibliometric data are from Web of Science and InCites database produced by Clarivate Analytics. Academic award is a featured indicator of ShanghaiRanking’s global rankings. In GRAS 2018, 27 awards identified by professors from world’s Top 100 universities through Academic Excellence Survey are used, which cover 22 ranked subjects. The Academic Excellence Survey also generates 123 top journals in 41 subjects, and 14 top academic conferences in Computer Science & Engineering. We would like to take this opportunity to thank those scholars who complete the survey for their significant contribution on building the criteria of academic excellence.

2018 ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects — Ranking Indicators

Indicator Definition
PUBThe number of papers authored by an institution in an Academic Subject
CNCICategory Normalized Citation Impact from InCites to measure average impact of papers authored by an institution in an Academic Subject
ICThe percentage of internationally co-authored papers authored by an institution in an Academic Subject
TOPThe number of papers published in top journals and conferences in an Academic Subject
AWARDThe total number of the staff of an institution winning a significant award in an Academic Subject

The detailed methodology and full results of ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2018 can be viewed on our official website

ShanghaiRanking Consultancy: ShanghaiRanking Consultancy is a fully independent organization dedicating to research on higher education intelligence and consultation. It has been the official publisher of the Academic Ranking of World Universities since 2009.

Contact us at for queries about the ranking details.